Editorial Policy

Journal of Anaesthesia and Critical Care Case Reports welcomes articles that contribute to Anaesthesia knowledge from all countries. Articles are accepted only for exclusive publication in the Journal of Anaesthesia and Critical Care Case Reports. Previously published articles, even those in peer-reviewed electronic publications, are not accepted by the Journal. Published articles and illustrations become the property of the Journal. All studies should be carried out in accordance with the World Medical Association Declaration of Helsinki. Manuscripts must be prepared in accordance with the “Uniform requirements for Manuscripts submitted to Biomedical Journal” developed by International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (April 2010). The uniform requirements and specific requirement of Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports are summarized below. Before sending a manuscript contributors are requested to check for the latest instructions available. Instructions are also available from the website of the journal and from the manuscript submission site (Click Here).

Publication Ethics and Malpractice Statement 

The Journal of Anaesthesia and Critical Care Case Reports follows the COPE (Committee for Publication Ethics) Guidelines and decisions about duplicate publication, plagiarism and article retraction are taken as per COPE Flowcharts. [Click Here to Download COPE Flowcharts]. All Authors need to report that their manuscript is an original publication and should sign the contributors form and conflict of interest form for each publication. 

The Journal of Anaesthesia and Critical Care Case Reports has following salient points on Ethics and Malpractice

1. Publication and authorship:
– list of funding agencies, financial support is to be disclosed
– no plagiarism, no fraudulent data;
– forbidden to publish same research in more than one journal. 

2. Author’s responsibilities:
– All authors are obliged to participate in peer review process;
– All authors have to significantly contribute to the research;
– Statement that all data in article are real and authentic is to be given by all authors
– All authors are obliged to provide retractions or corrections of mistakes.

3. Peer review / responsibility for the reviewers:
– Judgments should be objective;
– reviewers should have no conflict of interest with respect to the research, the authors and/or the research funders;
– reviewers should point out relevant published work which is not yet cited;
– reviewed articles should be treated confidentially. 

More details on Peer Review can be found HERE

4. Editorial responsibilities:
– e.g. editors have complete responsibility and authority to reject/accept an article;
– editors have no conflict of interest with respect to articles they reject/accept;
– only accept a paper when reasonably certain;
– when errors are found, promote publication of correction or retraction;
– preserve anonymity of reviewers.

JACCR follows the Editorial responsibilities as noted by COPE guidelines: Click Here

5. Publishing ethics issues
– Monitoring/safeguarding publishing ethics by editorial board;
– Guidelines for retracting articles are as per the COPE guidelines
– Maintain the integrity of the academic record;
– Journal is always willing to publish corrections, clarifications, retractions and apologies when needed.
– no plagiarism, no fraudulent data.

Article Charges:
Since the Journal is Open access, the cost of publication is shared by the author and the Journal equally. For every submission that is accepted for publication, the article processing charges will be 3500 INR (for papers from India) and 150 USD (for foreign articles). Open access will allow us to make your article free to access and download by everyone and will invite better citation and wide outreach. The article processing charges are lowest in the world as here both author and journal share the charges for each article. There are no charges for submitting the manuscript or for peer review and decision on the manuscript. Authors will usually receive a decision on their manuscript within 8-12 weeks.

All manuscripts are to be submitted via the Journal submission software on the website. Any other query regarding article formatting for submission process can also be mailed to editor.jaccr@gmail.com

Open Access Policy:

Journal of Anaesthesia and Critical Care Case Reports is open access journal and all articles are available free immediately after publication. the articles are available under creative common license: Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-SA 4.0).

Self-archiving of pre-print and post-print and publisher’s version/PDF is allowed freely.

The journal holds the copyright for the article but the authors are free to distribute under creative common licence. Copyright held is simply to acknowledge the journal in any such distribution and sharing of content


   The Editorial Process

  • The manuscript will be reviewed for possible publication with the understanding that they are being submitted to one journal at a time and have not been published, simultaneously submitted or already accepted for publication elsewhere. Violation may lead to serious action against authors as per COPE guidelines.
  • The Editorial board will review all submitted manuscripts initially.
  • Manuscripts which seem to lack scientific message or content are rejected at first instance. Journal will not return unaccepted manuscripts.
  • Manuscripts that are not formatted as per journal guidelines will be send for correct formatting before review process
  • Manuscript that get approval from editorial board and are formatted as per guidelines, will be send for peer review by at least two expert reviewers [this number may exceed in cases where we do not get a definitive answer by two reviews]. The review process is blinded for author, Institution or place of origin of the manuscript. The journal wishes to publish names of all our reviewers, however the reviewers names will be kept blinded
  • Editorial team takes a final decision based on the comments received from the reviewers and also from the section editors
  • The contributors are usually informed about the reviewers’ comments and acceptance/rejection within a period of 10 to 12 weeks. This period may get extended in cases where more than two opinions are needed.
  • Articles accepted would be copy edited for grammar, punctuation, print style and format. All articles will also be rewritten by the Editorial team and a final copy will be send to authors for approval
  • Page proofs will be sent to the corresponding author, which has to be returned within 4 days.

  Scope of The Journal


Journal of Anaesthesia and Critical Care Case Reports (JACCR) publishes original and interesting case reports that contribute significantly to Anaesthesia & Critical Care Literature.

Manuscripts must meet one of the following criteria:

  • Unexpected or unusual presentations of a disease
  • New associations or variations in disease processes
  • Presentations, diagnoses and/or management of new and emerging diseases
  • An unexpected association between diseases or symptoms
  • An unexpected event in the course of observing or treating a patient
  • New technique or modification of original technique
  • Unusual complication of a particular disease, medication, treatment protocol or surgery
  • Findings that shed new light on the possible pathogenesis of a disease or an adverse effect
  • A small series of cases with unusual outcome.
  • A technical note demonstrated on a single case.
  • A small series of cases less than 15 in number.

Authors should submit their manuscripts online using the online electronic submission system ‘Scripture’ developed for this journal by IORG.


   Authorship Criteria


Authorship credit should be based only on substantial contributions:

  • To conception and design or acquisition of data or analysis and interpretation of data
  • Drafting the article or revising it critically for important intellectual content
  • Participation solely in the acquisition of funding or the collection of data does not justify authorship
  • General supervision of the research group is not sufficient for authorship
  • Order of naming the contributors should be based on the relative contribution of the contributor. Once submitted the order cannot be changed without written consent of all the contributors
  • For an original article the number of contributors should not exceed six; for case reports, letter to the Editor and review articles, the number of contributors should not exceed four
  • A justification should be included, if the number of contributors exceeds these limits
  • Only those who have done substantial work in a particular field can write a review article. A short summary of the work done in the field of review should accompany the manuscript.

   Contributors’ form and copyright transfer form


The contributors’ form and copyright transfer form duly signed by all the authors / contributors (in the same sequence as to be published in the journal) is to be uploaded directly on website at the time of submission of new manuscript. Manuscript submission will be considered incomplete till the completed forms are submitted.

   Online Submission of the Manuscripts

  • The manuscript is to be submitted only online using submission software “Scripture” [Click Here]
  • New authors will have to register as “author”, which is a simple two-step procedure



   Preparation of the Manuscript

  • Manuscripts should be written in English. Authors whose native language is not English should seek the assistance of a colleague who is a native English speaker and familiar with the field of the work. Authors are advised to follow the recommendations in the “Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals: Writing and Editing for Biomedical Publication” proposed by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (www.icmje.org). Manuscripts must be typed double-spaced with wide margins on A4 paper. The manuscript parts should be in the following order, with each section beginning on a new page: title page, abstract, text, acknowledgements, references, tables, figure legends, and figures. Number all lines in a continuous manner and number all pages in the bottom right corner beginning with the title page. For reports on randomized control studies, authors should refer to the CONSORT statement (www.consort-statement.org). Standard abbreviations and SI units should be used. Define abbreviations at first appearance in the text, figure legends, and tables, and avoid their use in the title and abstract. Use generic names of drugs and chemicals.


    JACCR accepts following formats of articles

    • Case Reports
    • Case Series
    • Technical Notes
    • Adverse Drug Reaction
    • Case Image
    • Technical Note
    • Case Approach
    • Clinical Perspective
    • Letter to Editor
    • Letter to Experts

    Case Reports: Scope of Case Report has been detailed above. The formatting is detailed below and all the remaining formats follow similar guidelines as case reports

    Case Series: A case series of similar cases will also be acceptable in JACCR for publication

    Case Image: is description of a single Image which has a unique learning point

    Technical Note: detailed description of a new technique or improvisation of an old technique

    Case Study: This new format combines the level V evidence with Clinical Decision Making (CDM). It focuses on getting the thought process of the treating Anaesthesits or Intensivist when dealing with a complex/complicated case

    Adverse Drug Reaction: A very important aspect of Anaesthesia & Critical Care clinical practice and a special format is dedicated to this. Mention the adverse drug reaction in detail and is this a new ADR. Provide a brief literature review and probable cause of ADR

     Case Approach: This is a new but invited only section. We will invite an expert to describe to his approach to a particular case scenario with literature and rationale behind the approach

    Clinical Perspective: this special section will publish specific learning points or experiences which the authors can share with the readers. The only essential point is that this perspective should be clinically relevant and rationally acceptable. This need not be with details of management or follow up of the case. The idea is to provide a platform for publication of these important and clinically relevant learning points. A single page write up of less than 1000 words will be accepted.

    Letter to Editor: on articles in JACCR. Letters should be typed double-spaced and limited to 1000 words. A copy of the letter will be sent to the previous article’s author(s) to invite a response.

    Letter to Experts: JACCR will soon be creating an Expert panel of surgeons. Readers of JACCR can ask queries regarding complicated cases to our Experts. These queries will be answered by experts and the Academic Research Group will add literature review to this expert opinion and article will be peer reviewed and published in 15 days.


    Following files will be essential for submission of an article

    –      Cover letter

    –      Title page

    –      Blinded Submission [incluldes abstract, keywords, blinded manuscript with tables and figure legends]

    –      Tables

    –      Figures

    –      Copyright form

    –       Conflict of Interest form

    The details of formatting these files are provided below.


     Accepted format for case report articles

    The Journal follows the Uniform requirements for manuscript as laid down by the International committee of Medical Journal Editors (http://www.icmje.org/urm_main.html)

    Manuscripts submitted to JACCR must be submitted in the format described below. Articles that do not meet the journal’s style will not be peer reviewed or considered for publication. All articles should be no more than 2000 words long with a maximum of 15 references and 10 figures. Manuscripts should also contain an abstract of up to 350 words. Case reports will only be accepted for peer review in the following format:

    • Title page
    • Abstract
    • Introduction
    • Case presentation(s)
    • Discussion
    • Conclusions
    • Clinical Message
    • References
    • Illustrations and figures
    • Figure legends (if any)
    • Additional data files (if any)
    • List of abbreviations used (if any)
    • Competing interests
    • Authors’ contributions
    • Acknowledgements and Funding
    • Copyright Form
    • Conflict of Interest form


    Guidelines to Authors

    Manuscripts should be submitted in Microsoft Word Document format

    Cover Letter:

    This is the official letter written to editors by the author, where they can inform the editorial board about significance of their study. They can also inform regarding special situations like shared data with another study or long term follow up of already published article. This also provides the chance to authors to interact directly with editorial board and put up any specific point for considerations like more number of authors, manuscript exceeding word count or figure count.

    Title Page

    The title should be concise and informative to make electronic retrieval of the manuscript both effective and specific. Include important information such as the study design, i.e., clinical or basic, and in particular indicate if the study is a randomized control trial. A running title not exceeding 35 letters and spaces should be provided.

    Example of Title Page

    The first page of the manuscript should be a dedicated title page, including the title of the article. The title should include the study design, i.e. Case report. For example

    Authors Names should appear in sequence that will be final, with superscript numbers mentioning author’s affiliations

    Author Name A1, Author Name B2, Author Name C3*

    Address: 1 Full designation, degree and postal address of author A; 2 Full designation, degree and postal address of author B; 3 Full designation, degree and postal address of author C

    * Corresponding author should be indicated with an asterisk.


    The full names, institutional addresses and email addresses for all authors must be included on the title page. No other information should be included on this page.

    The page should contain the article title, the full names of the authors including only major qualification such as M.D. or Ph.D., and the complete postal address of the department and institution where the work was done. Designate one author as a correspondent and supply his or her complete postal address, telephone number, fax number, and e-mail address. If the name or address for offprint requests is different, this should be stated. Every person listed as an author should have materially participated in the design, execution, and analysis of the study and should verify the accuracy of the entire manuscript before its submission. No more than 6 authors can be included in the title page. Lesser contributors may be noted in an acknowledgment section at the end of the manuscript.

    Authorship criteria are as per the ICMJE Guidelines and include Authorship credit should be based only on substantial contributions:

    • To conception and design or acquisition of data or analysis and interpretation of data
    • Drafting the article or revising it critically for important intellectual content
    • Participation solely in the acquisition of funding or the collection of data does not justify authorship
    • General supervision of the research group is not sufficient for authorship
    • Order of naming the contributors should be based on the relative contribution of the contributor. Once submitted the order cannot be changed without written consent of all the contributors

    For an original article the number of contributors should not exceed six; for case reports, letter to the Editor and review articles, the number of contributors should not exceed four. A justification should be included, if the number of contributors exceeds these limits.

    Only those who have done substantial work in a particular field can write a review article. A short summary of the work done in the field of review should accompany the manuscript.

    Example to state Author’s Contributions

    We suggest the following kind of format (please use initials to refer to each author’s contribution):

    “FC analyzed and interpreted the patient data regarding the fracture disease and the stiffness.  RH performed the histological examination of the callus, and was a major contributor in writing the manuscript. All authors read and approved the final manuscript.”

    All contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed in an acknowledgements section. Examples of those who might be acknowledged include a person who provided purely technical help, writing assistance or a department chair who provided only general support.

    Blinded Submission

    Author information should not be included in the main document. Authors should submit the title page, the main document, and the Pictures separately. To ensure blinding, authors should not include in the abstract or text the name or initials of the authors or the institution at which the study was performed. Refer to your own published work in the third person. Use “In the previous work of Author name et al.”, not “In our previous work.” The blinded manuscript should contain title, abstract, keywords, main article with references, tables and figure legends


    This should start on page 2 of the manuscript. The abstract must not exceed 350 words. Do  not use abbreviations or references in the abstract.  The abstract should be structured into three sections and should make clear how the case report adds to the Anaesthesia & Critical Care literature:

    • Introduction: An introduction about why this case is important and needs to be reported. Please include information on whether this is the first report of this kind in the literature.
    • Case presentation: Brief details of what the patient presented with, including the patient’s age, sex and ethnic background.
    • Conclusion: A brief conclusion of what the reader should learn from the case report and what the clinical impact will be. Is it an original case report of interest to a particular clinical speciality of medicine or will it have a broader clinical impact across medicine? Please include information on how it will significantly advance our knowledge of a particular disease etiology or drug mechanism.

    Keywords: Add 3 to 5 keywords at the end of abstract. MESH terms will be preferable

     Blinded Manuscript:

    The length of the text and references should not exceed 8 pages of double-spaced type. The number of figures and tables together should not exceed 10. Do not repeat in the text all data that appear in the tables or illustrations; emphasize or summarize only important observations. A conclusion should be included in the summary paragraph of the Discussion. The blinded manuscript should not contain names of author or their institute. References should be numbered in order of appearance and should be placed in square brackets [1]. Manuscript is usually, but not necessarily, divided into sections with the headings Introduction, Case Report, Discussion, Conclusion and Clinical Relevance. Case Series may need section subheadings like Material and Methods and Results to clarify their content.



    The introduction section should explain the background of the case, including the disorder, usual presentation and progression and an explanation of the presentation if it is a new disease. If it is a case discussing an adverse drug interaction the introduction should give details of the drug’s common use and any previously reported side effects. It should also include a brief literature review.

    Case presentation:

    This should present all relevant details concerning the case. The case presentation should contain a description of the patient’s relevant demographic information (without adding any details that could lead to the identification of the patient); any relevant medical history of the patient; the patient’s symptoms and signs; any tests that were carried out and a description of any treatment or intervention. This section may be broken into subsections with appropriate subheadings. If it is a case series, then details must be included for all patients in form of separate material and methods and Result sections.

    [For Case Series Only: Material & Methods should be sufficiently detailed to allow easy understanding and reproduction of the study. Details of study design, outcome measures, outcome assessors and statistical methods have to be provided here. Appropriate Clinical course and treatment should be described in details with photographs and videos [videos can be uploaded on you tube and link to be submitted to us]

    Results: Keep results very succinct and to the point. Write all data in mean ± SD [Range] with appropriate standard units. Mention p values till third decimal points. Use tables to display the numerical data. Do not interpret the results in this section. Provide details of complication events and their individual follow ups]


    This section should discuss the peculiarities of the case in detail with reference to literature. A detailed literature review at least of the Medline using Pubmed should be given here along with keywords. A literature review table of most recent 10 similar cases reported in literature should be included [if available] with details of their demography, symptomatology, clinical course, management and results. The discussion should then logically concluded into the conclusion from the case report


    This should state clearly what can be concluded from the case report, and give a clear explanation of the importance and relevance of the case. Is it an original case report of interest to a particular clinical speciality of medicine or will it have a broader clinical impact across medicine? Please include information on how it will significantly advance our knowledge of a particular disease aetiology or clinical decision making or pathology.

    Clinical relevance:
    Of the study should be mentioned in three or four sentences



    Abbreviations (if any):

    If abbreviations are used in the text they should either be defined in the text where first used, or a list of abbreviations can be provided.


    This section is compulsory. It should provide a statement to confirm that the patient has given their informed consent for the case report to be published. You do not need to send the form to us on submission, but we may request to see a copy at any stage (including after publication

    Competing interests:

    Please declare whether competing interest exists. A competing interest exists when your interpretation of data or presentation of information may be influenced by your personal or financial relationship with other people or organizations. Where an author gives no competing interests, the listing must read: “The author(s) declare that they have no competing interests”. Download Conflict of Interest form [Click Here]


    Please acknowledge anyone who contributed towards the study by making substantial contributions to conception, design, acquisition of data, or analysis and interpretation of data, or who was involved in drafting the manuscript or revising it critically for important intellectual content, but who does not meet the criteria for authorship.



    Authors are responsible for verifying the accuracy and completeness of the references. The number of references should not exceed 20. The style of the references should follow the MEDLINE/ PubMed Journal Article Citation Format found at the National Center for Bibliography Information [NCBI] Website where specific reference citations can be searched for. Abbreviations of journal names must conform to those used in MEDLINE/PubMed. Avoid using abstracts as references. In the references, do not list personal communications and unpublished material (including oral and poster presentations and manuscripts not yet accepted for publication).

    All references must be numbered consecutively, in square brackets, in the order in which they are cited in the text, followed by any in tables or legends. The must be no more than 50 references listed, e.g.

    For an article within a journal:

    Bentolila V, Nizard R, Bizot P, Sedel L. Complete traumatic brachial plexus palsy. Treatment and outcome after repair. J Bone Joint Surg Am 1999;81:20-8.

    For a book chapter, or article within a book:

    Songcharoen P. Neurotization in the treatment of brachial plexus injury. In: Omer G, Spinner M, van Beek A, editors. Management of peripheral nerve problems. Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders; 1998. p. 459-64.

    If a non-English-language reference is listed, the original language should be indicated, as shown in the following sample:

    Journal article not in English:

    Otani T, Hayashi S, Ueno Y, Hayashi H, Kato T, Tamegai H, Fujii K. Long-term radiographic evaluation of muscle release operation for arthritis of the hip: comparison study between the results of muscle release and the natural history of osteoarthritis. Rinshou Seikeigeka (Clinical Orthopaedic Surgery) 2004;39:921–6 (in Japanese).



    to be added to the blinded manuscript after the references. Tables should be given a brief, informative title and numbered consecutively in the order of their citation in the text. Type each table double spaced on a separate page. Use the table function in MICROSOFT WORD, not spreadsheets, to make tables. Tables must be no larger than a single sheet of A4 paper. The table number and title should appear above the table, and the definition of all abbreviations, levels of statistical significance, and additional information should appear below the table.

    Preparing tables: Each table should be numbered in sequence using Arabic numerals (i.e. Table 1, 2, 3 etc.). Tables should also have a title that summarizes the whole table, maximum 15 words. Detailed legends may then follow, but should be concise.

    Smaller tables considered to be integral to the manuscript can be pasted into the document text file. Such tables should be formatted using the ‘Table object’ in a word processing program to ensure that columns of data are kept aligned when the file is sent electronically for review.

    Tabular data provided as additional files can be uploaded as an Excel spreadsheet (.xls) or comma separated values (.csv). As with all files, please use the standard file extensions.


    Figures should be provided separately and should be uploaded in scripture as additional files. Figure legend has to be included in the blinded manuscript after tables. Please site figures in the text in rounded brackets (Fig 1A). Include an internal scale in any micrographs or provide the magnification in the caption (wherever appropriate). Professionally produced arrows should be used to highlight the photograph’s message and the illustration should be of a professional standard. If photographs of persons are used, either the subjects must not be identifiable or the subject’s or guardian’s written permission to use the photograph must accompany the manuscript.

    Preparing illustrations and figures:

    Please note that JACCR can only publish ten figures in each article. If you have more than ten figures and feel that all are essential to the understanding, please make this clear in your covering letter, explaining why the figures are needed. Figures and tables should be sequentially referenced. Authors should include all relevant supporting data with each article.

    Figures should be provided as separate files and should not be included in the main text of the submitted manuscript or include within them the figure legend. Each figure should comprise only a single file. There is no charge for the use of color.  Authors should make every effort to preserve the anonymity of the patient be removing or concealing any identifiable features, including birthmarks and tattoos. Please take extra care with images of the head and face, ensuring that only the relevant features are shown. Publication of facial images will be subject to approval by the Editor-in-Chief.



    The following file formats can be accepted:

    EPS (preferred format for diagrams)

    PNG (preferred format for photos or images)




    Figure legends: No more than 10 figures per article is accepted. For each figure, the following information should be provided: Figure number (in sequence, using Arabic numerals – i.e. Figure 1, 2, 3 etc); short title of figure (maximum 15 words); detailed legend, up to 300 words. Figures should be provided as separate files. The legends should be included in the main manuscript text file rather than being a part of the figure file. For each figure, the following information should be provided: Figure number (in sequence, using Arabic numerals – i.e. Figure 1, 2, 3 etc); short title of figure (maximum 15 words); detailed legend, up to 300 words. The legend should include a brief description of the exact location of image on the patient, the type of image (e.g. micrograph/x-ray), and time in relation to progression e.g. one week after surgery. There must be no abbreviations unless they are expanded (excluding common abbreviations such as antibodies).

    Please note that it is the responsibility of the author(s) to obtain permission from the copyright holder to reproduce figures or tables that have previously been published elsewhere.



    It is the responsibility of the authors to assure that all clinical investigations detailed in manuscripts submitted to the journal are conducted in accordance with the World Medical Association Declaration of Helsinki (www.wma.net/en/30publications/10policies/b3/index.html). All case reports must include a statement indicating that informed consent has been obtained from the patient or appropriate persons for publication, including any necessary photographs. An example of such a statement would be “The patients and/or their families were informed that data from the case would be submitted for publication, and gave their consent.” Do not use patients’ names, initials, institutional ID numbers, or other identifying information. Articles, including their study design, originating from a particular institution are assumed to be submitted with the approval of the requisite authority on ethical issues. Articles describing research involving human subjects must include a statement in the Materials and methods section indicating that approval was given by the institutional review board (IRB) or Ethics committee of the institution and that informed consent was obtained from each patient or candidate. Manuscripts reporting animal experiments must include a statement in the Materials and methods section indicating that approval was obtained from the institutional review board and that animal care complied with the guidelines of the authors’ institution or any national law on the care and use of laboratory animals.


    After Acceptance

    Upon acceptance of your article, your article will be processed and you will receive the proofs. You will also receive a separate e-mail for ordering off prints and printing of figures in colour.


    Offprints can be ordered by the corresponding author.

    Colour Illustrations

    Online publication of colour illustrations is free of charge. Please note that, in such cases, it is the authors’ responsibility to prepare figures to be illustrative enough to convey the necessary information even after they are converted into black and white.


    The purpose of the proof is to check for typesetting or conversion errors and the completeness and accuracy of the text, tables, and figures. Substantial changes in content, e.g., new results, corrected values, title, and authorship, are not allowed without the approval of the Editor. After online publication, further changes can only be made in the form of an erratum, which will be hyperlinked to the article.

    Online First

    The article will be published online after receipt of the corrected proofs. This is the official first publication citable with the DOI. After release of the printed version, the paper can also be cited by issue and page numbers.


    Style and language

    General: Currently, JACCR can only accept manuscripts written in English. Spelling should be US English or British English, but not a mixture.

    It is essential that submitted manuscripts have a high standard of written English. Manuscripts that are poorly written will be returned to authors for revision prior to peer review. Authors are advised to write clearly and simply, and to have their article checked by colleagues before submission. Non-native speakers of English may choose to make use of a copyediting service before submission.

    JACCR will copy edit accepted manuscripts before they are published. The editing is designed only to correct such things as misused words, spelling errors, missing references or incomplete citation information.



    -Please use double line spacing.

    -Type the text justified, without hyphenating words at line breaks.

    -Abbreviations spelt out in full for the first time

    -Numerals from 1 to 10 spelt out

    -Numerals at the beginning of the sentence spelt out

    – Use hard returns only to end headings and paragraphs, not to rearrange lines.

    -Capitalize only the first word, and proper nouns, in the title.

    -All pages should be numbered.

    -Use the JACCR reference format.

    -Footnotes to text should not be used.

    -Greek and other special characters may be included. If you are unable to reproduce a particular special character, please type out the name of the symbol in full.

    -Gene names should be in italic, but protein products should be in plain type.

    -Please ensure that all special characters used are embedded in the text, otherwise they will be lost during manuscript processing.

    -Genes, mutations, genotypes, and alleles should be indicated in italics, and authors are required to use approved gene symbols, names, and formatting. Protein products should be in plain type.



    SI Units should be used throughout (liter and molar are permitted, however).



    Artwork Guidelines

    Electronic figure submission

    • Supply all figures electronically.
    • Indicate what graphics program was used to create the artwork.
    • For vector graphics, the preferred format is EPS; for halftones, please use TIFF format. MS Office files are also acceptable.
    • Vector graphics containing fonts must have the fonts embedded in the files.
    • Name your figure files with “Fig” and the figure number, e.g., Fig1.eps.

    Line art

    • Definition: Black and white graphic with no shading.
    • Do not use faint lines and/or lettering, and check that all lines and lettering within the figures are legible at final size.
    • All lines should be at least 0.1 mm (0.3 pt) wide.
    • Scanned line drawings and line drawings in bitmap format should have a minimum resolution of 1200 dpi.
    • Vector graphics containing fonts must have the fonts embedded in the files.

    Halftone art

    • Definition: Photographs, drawings, or paintings with fine shading, etc.
    • If any magnification is used in the photographs, indicate this by using scale bars within the figures themselves.
    • Halftones should have a minimum resolution of 300 dpi.

    Combination art

    • Definition: a combination of halftone and line art, e.g., halftones containing line drawing, extensive lettering, colour diagrams, etc.
    • Combination artwork should have a minimum resolution of 600 dpi.

    Colour art

    • Colour art is free of charge for online publication.
    • If black and white will be shown in the print version, make sure that the main information will still be visible. Many colours are not distinguishable from one another when converted to black and white. A simple way to check this is to make a xerographic copy to see if the necessary distinctions between the different colours are still apparent.
    • If the figures will be printed in black and white, do not refer to colour in the captions.
    • Colour illustrations should be submitted as RGB (8 bits per channel).

    Figure lettering

    • To add lettering, it is best to use Helvetica or Arial (sans-serif fonts).
    • Keep lettering consistently sized throughout your final-sized artwork, usually about 2–3 mm (8–12 pt).
    • Variance of type size within an illustration should be minimal, e.g., do not use 8-pt type on an axis and 20-pt type for the axis label.
    • Avoid effects such as shading, outline letters, etc.
    • Do not include titles or captions in your illustrations.

    Figure numbering

    • All figures are to be numbered using Arabic numerals.
    • Figures should always be cited in the text in consecutive numerical order.
    • Figure parts should be denoted by lowercase letters (a, b, c, etc.).
    • If an appendix appears in your article/chapter and it contains one or more figures, continue the consecutive numbering of the main text. Do not number the appendix figures, “A1, A2, A3, etc.” Figures in online appendices (Electronic supplementary material) should, however, be numbered separately.

    Figure captions

    • Each figure should have a concise caption describing accurately what the figure depicts. Include the captions in the text file of the manuscript, not in the figure file.
    • Figure captions begin with the term Fig. in bold type, followed by the figure number, also in bold type.
    • No punctuation is to be included after the number, nor is any punctuation to be placed at the end of the caption.
    • Identify all elements found in the figure in the figure caption; and use boxes, circles, etc., as coordinate points in graphs.
    • Identify previously published material by giving the original source in the form of a reference citation at the end of the figure caption.

    Figure placement and size

    • When preparing your figures, size figures to fit in the column width.
    • For most journals the figures should be 39 mm, 84 mm, 129 mm, or 174 mm wide and not higher than 234 mm.

    The publisher reserves the right to reduce or enlarge figures.


    If you include figures that have already been published elsewhere, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner(s) for both the print and online format. Please be aware that some publishers do not grant electronic rights for free and that Springer will not be able to refund any costs that may have occurred to receive these permissions.

    In such cases, material from other sources should be used.

    Submission Preparation Checklist

    As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission’s compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

    The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).

    The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, RTF, or WordPerfect document file format.

    Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.

    The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed at the end of the text

    The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines, which is found in About the Journal.

    If submitting to a peer-reviewed section of the journal, the instructions in Ensuring a Blind Review have been followed.



  • When reporting experiments on human subjects, indicate whether the procedures followed were in accordance with the ethical standards of the responsible committee on human experimentation (institutional or regional) and with the Helsinki Declaration of 1975, as revised in 2000 (available at http://www.wma.net/e/policy/17-c_e.html).
  • Do not use patients’ names, initials or hospital numbers, especially in illustrative material.
  • When reporting experiments on animals, indicate whether the institution’s or a national research council’s guide for, or any national law on the care and use of laboratory animals was followed.
  • All human and animal studies should be accompanied by a certificate of Ethics clearance, issued by an appropriate Institutional Review Board/Ethics Committee/ Departmental Board of Study or an equivalent authority of competence.


  • Statistical methods should be described in detail.
  • The statement “no significant difference was found between two groups” cannot be made unless a power study was done and the value of alpha or beta is reported. Use of the word significant requires reporting of a p value.
  • Ninety five per cent confidence intervals are required whenever the results of survivorship analysis are given in the text or graphs.
  • Use of the word correlation requires reporting of the correlation coefficient.


As an appendix to the text, one or more statements should specify

  • Contributions that need acknowledging but do not justify authorship, such as general support by a departmental chair
  • Acknowledgments of technical help
  • Acknowledgments of financial and material support, which should specify the nature of the support.
  • This should be included in the title page of the manuscript.

   Protection of Patients’ Rights to Privacy

  • Identifying information should not be published in written descriptions, photographs, sonograms, CT scans, etc., and pedigrees unless the information is essential for scientific purposes and the patient (or parent or guardian) gives written informed consent for publication.
  • Informed consent for this purpose requires that the patient be shown the manuscript to be published. When informed consent has been obtained, it should be indicated in the article and copy of the consent should be attached with the covering letter

   Sending a revised manuscript

  • Before submitting a revised manuscript, contributors are requested to ensure that each and every comment of the reviewers/editorial board is answered.
  • Also mention the changes in the column in form of Page No. & Line No.
  • These changes should be clearly mentioned in the revised manuscript.



Journal provides free printed reprints to the corresponding authors.



The whole of the literary matter in the journal is under copyright and cannot be reproduced without the written permission of the Editorial Board.



(To be tick marked as applicable and attached in the First Page File)Manuscript Title
Covering letter

  • Signed by all contributors
  • Previous publication / presentations mentioned
  • Source of funding mentioned
  • Conflicts of interest disclosed


  • Full name along with Middle name initials provided
  • Author for correspondence, with e-mail address provided
  • Number of contributors restricted as per the instructions
  • Identity not revealed in paper except title page (e.g. name of the institute in Methods, citing previous study as ‘our study’, names on figure labels, name of institute in photographs, etc.)


Publication Ethics and Malpractice Statement 

The Journal of Anaesthesia & Critical Care Case Reports follows the COPE (Committee for Publication Ethics) Guidelines and decisions about duplicate publication, plagiarism and article retraction are taken as per COPE Flowcharts. [Click Here to Download COPE Flowcharts]. All Authors need to report that this is an original publication and should sign the contributors form and conflict of interest form for each publication.

Plagiarism is checked for all articles by using online plagiarism checker tool: http://smallseotools.com/plagiarism-checker/

Open Access Policy

All articles of the journal will be available open access immediately after publication